Types of thinking (diagram)

Standard

“We can’t solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them.” – Albert Einstein

‘Give a man a truth and he will think for a day. Teach a man to reason and he will think for a lifetime’ – Anonymous

A list of thought processes – from Wikipedia:

Abductive reasoning, Abstract thinking, Analogy, Attitude, Calculation, Categorization, Cognition, Cognitive restructuring, Cognitive space, Cognitive style, Common sense, Concept, Conjecture, Concrete concepts, Critical thinking, Deductive reasoning, Definition, Estimation, Evaluation, Explanation, Gestalt psychology, Heuristics, Historical thinking, Hypothesis, Idea, Identification (information), Inductive reasoning, Inference, Instinct, Intelligence, Intelligence amplification, Intentionality, Introspection, Knowledge management, Language, Lateral thinking, Linguistics, Logic, Logical argument, Logical assertion, Meaning (linguistics), Meaning (non-linguistic), Meaning (semiotics), Mental calculation, Mental function, Metacognition, Mind’s eye, Mindset, Multiple intelligences, Multitasking, Pattern matching, Personality, Picture thinking, Prediction, Premise, Problem finding, Problem shaping, Problem solving, Proposition, Rationality, Reason, Reasoning, Reasoning event, Self-reflection, Sapience, Semantic network, Semantics, Semiosis, Semiotics, Six Thinking Hats, Speech act, Stream of consciousness, Syllogism, Synectics, Systems intelligence, Systems thinking, Thinking, Thought act, Thinking maps, Thinking process, Thought experiment, TRIZ, Visual thinking, Working memory, Writing

How many types of thinking are there?

I believe there are hundreds, maybe thousands and potentially an infinite number of thinking processes. But in order for us to know the different types of tools we have — we first need to name them. Since we don’t have names for some of the tools, — this becomes a barrier to our development and the development of new forms of thought. I believe that if we were to name a few hundred thought processes and share these widely — that our societies would have no other option but to evolve to a greater level of consciousness.

Our thinking tools are outdated

Early mankind created tools to solve the problems of their time. They carved stones, bones and created knives, arrows, hammers and other tools. These early innovators used their tools everyday, they taught their family, friends and neighbors how to make them, how to use them and how to repair them. All of this knowledge was passed on to future generations thanks to culture.

Today, we continue to use some version of these early tools — except that these tools have been improved over time. They were improved because people used them frequently and they considered them important enough to invest in them.

Today, we are less and less part of the hunter/gatherer tribes and our societies have collaborated to create large communities, where often, our problems are created by our outdated ways of thinking. We are still using thinking tools from hundreds and even thousands of years ago. Some of these tools were created to deal with the problems of their time and they’re not necessarily the right tools to fix our problems today. The quote at the top of the page is worth repeating:

“We can’t solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them.” – Albert Einstein

Project support

Visit the Wikipedia portal:thinking and help us add more types of thinking there. If you don’t know how to edit Wikipedia, add your contribution as a comment to this post.

If you would like to help by becoming a financial supporter, by donating any amount, then please visit my other blog where you can find more information about this >

Your donations support projects like:

  • expanding the existing version of the types of thinking diagram
  • creating illustrations and/or animations to illustrate some of the thinking processes
  • creating an eBook about thinking tools containing the illustrations from above

This image was used in another blog post. Click on the image to visit the blog post titled: Horizontal and Vertical Thinking


Related on Wikipedia

  1. Wikipedia list of philosophies >> Wikipedia Thought portal >>
  2. Wikipedia list of thought processes >>
  3. “Glossary of philosophical isms” >>
  4. Wikipedia:“Morphological Analysis” >>

A silo of types of thinking is contained within the psychiatric discipline. Glossary of psychiatry.

Related in this blog

  1. Embodied Cognition >
  2. How to think like Einstein >>
  3. How think like Henri Poincare >>
  4. An open thought system? (diagram) >>
  5. Synectics >>
  6. Horizontal and Vertical thinking >>
  7. Integrative thinking >>
  8. Integrating Problem Solving and Critical Thinking Models >>
  9. Types of Thinking and Awareness >>
  10. What the web is doing to our brains >
  11. Sherlock Unlocked >
  12. Creativity Diagram >
  13. 8 Types of Imagination >

Related elsewhere

  1. Learning styles and pedagogy in post-16 learning A systematic and critical review. (2004) Frank Coffield, Institute of Education University of London; David Moseley, University of Newcastle; Elaine Hall, University of Newcastle; Kathryn Ecclestone, University of Exeter. “This report critically reviews the literature on learning styles and examines in detail 13 of the most influential models. The report concludes that it matters fundamentally which instrument is chosen.”
  2. xTRIZ: Systematic Innovation blog: “Creative Problem Solving: Four Types of Thinking” >>
  3. Education Northwest: “Teaching Thinking Skills” >>
  4. Buddha Mind blog: “A List of Human Emotions” >>
  5. The Fertile Unknown blog: “Whole brain thinking” >>
  6. Harvard Business Review - “In a Fast World, Think Slowly” (IdeaCast, podcast)

Related Books

  1. Thinking Styles
  2. Six Thinking Hats
  3. The Ten Faces of Innovation: IDEO’s Strategies for Defeating the Devil’s Advocate and Driving Creativity Throughout Your Organization
  4. A Kick in the Seat of the Pants: Using Your Explorer, Artist, Judge, and Warrior to Be More Creative
  5. Opposable Mind: Winning Through Integrative Thinking
  6. Lateral Thinking: Creativity Step by Step (Perennial Library)
  7. The Thought Processes, Habits and Philosophies of the Great Ones, 3rd Edition


Thought Processes – Diagram

Here is the diagram (work in progress). Will update from time to time:


Bloom’s Taxonomy

blooms_taxonomy_staircase reposted by Daniel Montano

Found in article: “Reconsidering Bloom’s Taxonomy” from: Learning Solutions Magazine Bloom’s taxonomy staircase (Source: ftp://ftp-fc.sc.egov.usda.gov/NEDC/isd/taxonomy.pdf)


blooms_original_and_revised_taxonomies-png reposted by Daniel Montano

Found in article: “Reconsidering Bloom’s Taxonomy” from: Learning Solutions Magazine


Taxonomy for learning, teaching, and assessing: a revision of Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (Source: Iowa State University Center for Excellence in Learning and Teaching; http:// www.celt.iastate.edu/pdfs-docs/teaching/RevisedBloomsHandout.pdf reposted by Daniel Montano

Figure 3: Taxonomy for learning, teaching, and assessing: a revision of Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (Source: Iowa State University Center for Excellence in Learning and Teaching; http:// www.celt.iastate.edu/pdfs-docs/teaching/RevisedBloomsHandout.pdf) All of these images found in article: “Reconsidering Bloom’s Taxonomy” from: Learning Solutions Magazine


comparison Image from a blog post called “Sherlock Unlocked”


7-styles-of-learning-851x1024



Disclaimer: All my blog posts are working drafts written as time allows. They are subject to random updates and improvements. All typos are provided free of charge. Please do your own fact checking and think for yourself. Cheers.


Related books

  1. How to Think Like Einstein: Simple Ways to Break the Rules and Discover Your Hidden Genius
  2. How to Think Like Leonardo da Vinci: Seven Steps to Genius Every Day
  3. Mastermind: How to Think Like Sherlock Holmes
  4. The Thought Processes, Habits and Philosophies of the Great Ones, 3rd Edition


Sparks of Genius: The Thirteen Thinking Tools of the World’s Most Creative People Paperback by Robert S. Root-Bernstein (Author) , Michele M. Root-Bernstein (Author)


Six Thinking Hats



The Ten Faces of Innovation: IDEO’s Strategies for Defeating the Devil’s Advocate and Driving Creativity Throughout Your Organization



Creative Confidence: Unleashing the Creative Potential Within Us All



Lateral Thinking: Creativity Step by Step – Edward de Bono
The first practical explanation of how creativity works, this results-oriented bestseller trains listeners to move beyond a “vertical” mode of thought to tap the potential of lateral thinking.



Opposable Mind: Winning Through Integrative Thinking Paperback by Roger Martin



How to Think Like Einstein by Scott Thorpe



Discover Your Genius: How to Think Like History’s Ten Most Revolutionary Mind


A Whole New Mind by Daniel H. Pink

“The future belongs to a different kind of person with a different kind of mind: artists, inventors, storytellers-creative and holistic “right-brain” thinkers whose abilities mark the fault line between who gets ahead and who doesn’t.”



Creating Minds: An Anatomy of Creativity Seen Through the Lives of Freud, Einstein, Picasso, Stravinsky, Eliot, Graham, and Ghandi
– Howard E. Gardner



The Dream Society: How the Coming Shift from Information to Imagination Will Transform Your Business -
Rolf Jensen



Invention: The Care and Feeding of Ideas
Norbert Wiener



Where Good Ideas Come From: The Seven Patterns of Innovation – Steven Johnson



Creative Intelligence: Discovering the Innovative Potential in Ourselves and Others – Alan J. Rowe


Thanks for visiting. I hope you can use this information to help us make a better world.

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24 thoughts on “Types of thinking (diagram)

  1. franca principe

    I’m very interested in Holistic Education. I Would like to create in Italy an association called Didattica Etica.Write to me.

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    Ariha Maria Hassan Qazi

  3. Cory

    I am looking for an evaluation by name. It has to do with 4 different types of listening/thinking. People can be evaluated through this process by their physical actions while speaking especially when answering questions.

    Type 1. Looking up= Logical thinkers who make smart, sound decisions based on facts

    Type 2. Looking side to side= Listeners who are influenced by what others think or say

    Type 3. Looking down= Feelers who make decisions based on emotion rather than rational thought

    The problem is that I do not know the 4th type. I need to know the name of this evaluation process. If anyone has the information I would appreciate a response.

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