Systems thinking and related concepts like tectology, cybernetics, and complexity have been promoted as possible models for system organization.
Arguably, the models of all of these thought models may be applied across our systems as a form of experimentation, (across, socio-cultural, psycho-cognitive systems etc)
I found this article called “Relationships in Complex Adaptive Systems”, which summarizes points from a presentation by Ralph Stacey, Ph.D.
It pushes for diversity (in my opinion a direct result of system sub-division), as a key factor in innovation. Go to the article >>