Correlative thinking is a type of early systems thinking. It co-rrelated different aspects and areas in to a matrix (or database) of relationships.
Quoting from Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Chinese Philosophy (Section 2: The dominance of correlative thinking)
“Rational or logical thinking, grounded in analytic, dialectical and analogical argumentation, stresses the explanatory power of physical causation. In contrast, Chinese thinking depends upon a species of analogy which may be called ‘correlative thinking’. Correlative thinking…involves the association of image or concept-clusters related by meaningful disposition rather than physical causation.”
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