Horizontal and Vertical Thinking


Howard Gardner has written about two types of ” extraordinary minds” that he calls ” Masters” and ” Makers”. Masters are the Vertical thinking experts, they keep the system running and try to advance the knowledge base of their specialty. We literally have armies of them and though some are more adept than others, all are heads and shoulders above the average layman in terms of their command of information. Makers by contrast are relatively rare. They are the Horizontal thinking visionaries – Gardner uses Freud as his archetype – who create new fields of endeavor and new paradigms with which to view the world. “




Book: Gardner, Howard. Extraordinary Minds.

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Lateral Thinking: Creativity Step by Step


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Opposable Mind: Winning Through Integrative Thinking Paperback

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A Whole New Mind

“The future belongs to a different kind of person with a different kind of mind: artists, inventors, storytellers-creative and holistic “right-brain” thinkers whose abilities mark the fault line between who gets ahead and who doesn’t.”




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